HISTORICAL IMPORTANCE OF VELLORE DISTRICT
Vellore, the Head- Quarters of Vellore
District situated in 12' 35' N and 79' 9' E , has a very interesting History
of its own. A strategically located town, it is well connected by Rail and
bus routes to major towns of the neighboring states like A.P. Karnataka and
Kerala. The History of the district assumes a great significance and
relevance, as we unfold the glorious past. It was under the sway of various
dynasties and rulers, the prominent among them being the Pallavas , Cholas
of Uraiyur, the Rashtrakutaa dynasty of Malkhed, Sambuvarayar, the rulers
of Vijayanagarm, Mamathas, the Nawabs of the carnatic and the British. The
Monuments found in the district give a vivid picture of the town through the
ages. In the 18 th Century Vellore District was the scene of some
of the decisive bettles fought in Ambur (1749) A.D Arcot (1751) A.D and
Vandivasi (1760A.D) as a result of the long -drawn struggle between the
English and the French for Supremacy.
One of the monuments of Vellore is the fort and its exact date of
construction could not be established, in the absence of proper records. A
very close examination of the stone inscriptions suggests that the fort in
all probability might have been built during the rule of Chinna. Bommi Nayak
(1526 to 1595A. D) . The fort is one of the most perfect specimens of
Military architecture in S.India.
The Jalakandeswarar Temple inside the fort is very fine example of
Vijayanagar architecture. The Kalyanamantap, on the left of the entrance,
with intricate caring and delicacy of exaction, bears testimony to the
engineering marble and advanced state of sculpture of the times. Another
land mark that has put Vellore on the center stage of Medical world is
the Christian Medical College Hospital. Dr .
IDA Scudder, the American lady, with a missionary zeal, started her Medical
work in 1900 A.D. by setting up a very small Hospital, which in the last
hundred years has grown into a premier Medical Institution
of international repute. The central prison in Vellore , set up in 1830 A.D.
is another Historically important land mark as some eminent personalities
and Freedom Fighters like Thiru. Rajaji, Thiru C.N. Annadurai, Thiru. K.
Kamaraj , the former presidents of India Thiru. V.V.Giri, Thiru.
R.VenkataRaman had served their prison terms here. The
other note worthy monuments are the Mausoleums located in Aruganthampoodi
area on the Vellore - Arcot road, where the family members of Tippu Sultan
were buried and the Muthu mandapam on the banks of river of palar, a
memorial raised by the Tamil Nadu Government to honor Vikarama Rja Singha ,
the last Tamil King who ruled Kandy (Srilanka ) from 1798 to 1815 A.D. He
was imprisoned in Vellore fort for 17 years.
The Role Of Vellore District in the freedom struggle
Vellore District had always been on the fore - front in the struggle for
freedom. In fact the Sepoy Mutiny of 1806 A.D. that broke out inside the
Vellore fort against the British authority is considered to be a prelude to
the Great Revolt of 1857, which is often described by some historians as the
first war of Independence.
The outstanding performance of this district in contributing to the Military
service is Commendable, as more and more men have enlisted themselves to the
Military service, to serve the nation with indomitable sprit and courage.
The clock tower in the long Bazaar Vellore was built in 1920 A.D. a stone
inscription in the building reads "Vellore - From this Village 277 men want
to the Great war 1914-18,of them 14 gave up their lives ". This is a
recorded testimony the Velour and Military prowess of this area.
Economic, Social AND Cultural Changes in Vellore in the 20th Century
The economic condition of the district in the earlier stages was not very
sound , in the absence of the major industries. Thanks to the
sustained efforts and Vigorous police of the Govt . Industries like Bharat
Heavy Electricals Ltd Ranipet, Tamil Nadu Explosives Ltd., Katpadi. Have
been set up. Besides there has been marked growth of small scale industries
and Tanneries in the district.
This industrial activity has not only generated employment opportunities ,
but also contributed. Uzhavar to economic growth the recently introduced ./
Uzhavar Sandhai., for instance has benefited the rural poor. giving much
needed thrust to the economic. The innovative self help groups of woman are
also playing a very useful role in building rural economy and helping rural
women to be self reliant.
The social scenario also has changed keeping pace with the changing times.
Increased social awareness and upward
social growth mark the successful story of the district . The bonded labour,
the child labour, etc. Are fast disappearing giving place to new social
order. A striking feature of the social change is that the district achieved
cent percent literacy owing to the effective implementation of the Arivoli,
The Samathuvapurams that are being set up, in various parts of the district
, herald a new era, as social harmony and peaceful co-existence of
different communities are the basic concept of this scheme. The Varumun
Kappom Thittam by proving basic infrastructure to rural folk for a free
medical examination is indeed a milestone in the social history of Tamil
Development of Collegiate Education in the district
The Vellore District is one of the leading districts of the state.,
where the development of the education has been
consistently good and commendable. The American Arcot mission, which was
established in vellore center in 1853, has the distribution of pioneering
the cause of higher education by establishing The American Arcot mission
Collage./ afflilated to the University of Madras as early as 1898.
This later come to be known as Voorhees Collage. The Sacred Heart College,
Tirupattur the Auxilium Collage, ( for women) at Katpadi are other Christian
institutions dedicated themselves to the cause of education. The Govt
.of Tamil Nadu with an ambitious scheme and ardent desire to promote higher
education , setup series of Arts Collages throughout the state. The Muthurangam Govt. Arts Collage, Vellore
. Thirumagal mills Govt Arts collage, Gudiyatham Arigar Anna Arts collage
for women, Walajah have been established in the rural end poor students.
The private participation in the growth of higher education in the District
is also over whelming. The D.K.M. Collage for women Vellore is a fine
Some Muslim Philanthropists and educationists, realising the need to wide
open opportunities for the muslim youth to learn higher education,
have established educational centers. The Islamiah collage , Vaniayambadi,
C. Abdul Hakeem collage, Melvisharam, Mazhrul -uloom collage, Ambur, the
Muslim minority Institutions are also contributing their mite in promoting
higher education in the District. The Arabic Collage in Vellore town is
another important educational center for higher education.
The district is not Lagging behind in providing professional education. The
Christian Medical Collage, Vellore. Which is of
international repute, is offering even P.G. courses in some specialised branches.
By starting an Engineering Collage, the Govt. also
has fulfilled the aspiration of the student community of this district. In
view of the financial constraints , in the Last few years, the Govt.,
has encourage self financing Institutions. The Vellore engineering Collage,
Vellore , which has many academic distinction to its credit, The Priyadershini
engineering college., Vaniyampadi, have come into existence
as a result. And there is also Govt . Teachers Training Collage,
in Vellore offering both U.G.&P.G. courses. The phenomenal growth of these
educational institution in the district only testify the growing demand and
the keen interest evinced by the student community for higher and